Items filtered by date: June 2023
Research has shown that bunions are the most common medical condition that affects the front of the foot. It is easy to notice by the large bump that develops and protrudes on the side of the big toe. Severe bunions may cause the other toes to shift together, and larger shoes may need to be purchased. A bunion is considered to be a deformity and can happen from wearing shoes that do not have ample room for the toes to move freely in. High heels can fit into this category, and it is helpful to limit how frequently they are worn. There are various types of bunions, and a simple bunion is a bump on the side of the big toe joint. The same bunion may have skin irritation from rubbing against the shoes and a tailor’s bunion forms on the pinky toe. Bunions with hallux limitus can change the structure of the foot, which may cause the bunion to form on the top instead of on the side of the foot. Some people can help to wear a protective pad over the bunion for mild relief. If you have a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can offer you treatment options that are correct for you.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Marlton, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
Clubfoot is a common congenital foot deformity. It develops during pregnancy and can be a result of a short Achilles tendon causing the foot to turn inward. Treatment is often started immediately after birth. There are three classifications of clubfoot. If the cause is unknown, it can be categorized as idiopathic. An underlying syndrome can be called syndromic clubfoot and a nervous system condition leading to clubfoot is called neurogenic. The chances of being born with clubfoot may increase in babies whose mothers smoke or if a parent or sibling has this condition. An effective treatment method is known as Ponseti serial casting and bracing. This begins with stretching the foot and keeping it stable by using a cast. Approximately every ten days, the cast is changed and a procedure is performed during the fourth or fifth visit that can lengthen the Achilles tendon. Casting can correct the deformity, followed by using braces to maintain the correction. If your child is born with clubfoot, it is strongly suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can begin the correct treatment to help with permanent success.
Congenital foot problems require immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Deborah Rosenfeld of Rosenfeld Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Congenital foot problems are deformities affecting the feet, toes, and/or ankles that children are born with. Some of these conditions have a genetic cause while others just happen. Some specific foot ailments that children may be born with include clubfeet, polydactyly/macrodactyly, and cleft foot. There are several other foot anomalies that can occur congenitally. What all of these conditions have in common is that a child may experience difficulty walking or performing everyday activities, as well as trouble finding footwear that fits their foot deformity. Some of these conditions are more serious than others. Consulting with a podiatrist as early as possible will help in properly diagnosing a child’s foot condition while getting the necessary treatment underway.
What are Causes of Congenital Foot Problem?
A congenital foot problem is one that happens to a child at birth. These conditions can be caused by a genetic predisposition, developmental or positional abnormalities during gestation, or with no known cause.
What are Symptoms of Congenital Foot Problems?
Symptoms vary by the congenital condition. Symptoms may consist of the following:
- Clubfoot, where tendons are shortened, bones are shaped differently, and the Achilles tendon is tight, causing the foot to point in and down. It is also possible for the soles of the feet to face each other.
- Polydactyly, which usually consists of a nubbin or small lump of tissue without a bone, a toe that is partially formed but has no joints, or an extra toe.
- Vertical talus, where the talus bone forms in the wrong position causing other bones in the foot to line up improperly, the front of the foot to point up, and the bottom of the foot to stiffen, with no arch, and to curve out.
- Tarsal coalition, when there is an abnormal connection of two or more bones in the foot leading to severe, rigid flatfoot.
- Cleft foot, where there are missing toes, a V-shaped cleft, and other anatomical differences.
- Macrodactyly, when the toes are abnormally large due to overgrowth of the underlying bone or soft tissue.
Treatment and Prevention
While there is nothing one can do to prevent congenital foot problems, raising awareness and receiving neonatal screenings are important. Early detection by taking your child to a podiatrist leads to the best outcome possible.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Marlton, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.
Many people begin to develop rheumatoid arthritis, or RA, when they reach their 30s or 40s. This disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system actually attacks the body's own tissues. This can cause pain in the joints, including those of the ankles, feet, and toes. Early symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include fatigue, stiffness, and inflammation in the joints. Pain is generally worse when you first get up in the morning. Swelling in the lining of the joints causes pain and redness, and in most cases, affects both feet. Going up and down stairs becomes more difficult, and RA can interfere with carrying out daily activities. As rheumatoid arthritis progresses, nodules or hardened bumps may form in the joints. Eventually, the nearby bones and cartilage are affected, causing more visible deformities. In some cases, RA can harden the arteries, thereby increasing the risk of heart-related problems. For help with issues of rheumatoid arthritis in the feet, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist.
Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact Deborah Rosenfeld from Rosenfeld Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Arthritic Foot Care
Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves the inflammation of different joints in your body, such as those in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. In addition to this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.
In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.
Alleviating Arthritic Pain
- Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
- Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
- Massages can help temporarily alleviate pain.
It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Marlton, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.
Heel pain is common and there are several causes. It can occur as a result of an injury or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate cushioning in the heel area. The foot condition known as plantar fasciitis can cause severe heel pain and a podiatrist is often consulted for relief. Additionally, enduring an Achilles tendon injury can also produce heel pain, and it can become difficult to walk. People who are afflicted with arthritis in the feet may have swollen heels and a reduced range of motion. For moderate heel pain, performing gentle stretches can help to strengthen the heel and it is helpful to avoid wearing high heels. A heel spur is a bony growth that forms on the bottom of the heel that causes heel pain, too. A heel spur can be diagnosed by having an X-ray taken to determine its size. If you have heel pain, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can analyze the cause and offer you the correct treatment solutions.
Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.
Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.
Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.
Why Might Heel Pain Occur?
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change
- Excessive running
Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.
If you have any questions please contact our office located in Marlton, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.